Medical, Dental & Fitness Advice

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A Brief History of Montgomery, PA


The 1700’s:

The history of the county dates back to September 10, 1784 when part of the land was carved out which originally formed Philadelphia County.

The 1800’s

The Pennsylvania General Assembly then incorporated Montgomery as a boroughon on March 27th, 1887, out of land that was originally part of Clinton Township.


Prior to being called Montgomery, the county was named Black Hole in recognition of the creek that flows through it. The name was also in solidarity of the post office of the same name that was established back in 1836.

Varying accounts persist as to the origins of the name Montgomery. Some historians hold that the county was named after the famous revolutionary war hero, Major General Richard Montgomery (the 1775 invasion of Canada fame). But others tend to disagree!

The newly carved out land was initially part of the Pennsylvania’s Welsh Tract, a strong hold of Welsh Quaker settlers. Other historians believe that the name “Montgomery” was a tribute to Roger de Montgomerie, a key counselor of William the Conqueror in whose memory was also named the Welsh county of Montgomeryshire.

One early name that stands out in Montgomery’s history is that of P.M. Barber, who could rightfully be thought of as the county’s first entrepreneur. In 1859, Barber established the county’s first distillery, then a planing mill in 1869, and followed by the establishment of the Montgomery Machine Shops in 1873.

The one name that residents would however identify with is Montco, a term of endearment that is used to identify modern day Montgomery county.

Over the years

The US Census Bureau puts the county at a total area of 487 sq. miles, with 483 sq. miles land-based, and the remainder (4.2 sq. miles) covered by water. The county is situated along the Western leg of the Susquehanna River, 6 miles due southwest of Muncy borough, and 8.5 miles southeast of Williamsport city.

Administratively, the county is comprised of the following:

  1. 22 Boroughs
  2. 34 Townships
  3. 33 Census-designated places
  4. 6 Home Rule Municipalities
  5. 15 unincorporated communities

Montgomery county comprises of 5 congressional districts, including the 2nd, 6th, 7th, 8th and the 13th.

Historically, the county has been a Republican stronghold. Since 2008, the Democratic party has gained some inroads. Republicans still hold significant local sway in 2008 and subsequently in 2012, President Barack Obama won the county.




In keeping with its entrepreneurial roots back in 1859, Montgomery has now grown into a thriving suburb of Philadelphia, and is a key employment driver for the region. Large commercial and industrial hubs like Fort Washington, Blue Bell, Horsham, Lansdale and King of Purssia attract workers by the thousands from all over.

The economic prosperity of Montgomery has resulted in leading credit rating agency Standard & Poor’s awarding the county the highest credit rating possible – “AAA”. Montco is only a handful of counties in the US to be granted such a rating.

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How Much Does A Tummy Tuck Cost In Australia?

a tummy tuck operation

There has been a huge focus on cosmetic surgery in the land down under recently, and tummy tucks in particular, have been in the spotlight.

Even though a tummy tuck is not a preventive or reactionary medical procedure, its worth learning more about this popular cosmetic trend.

A tummy tuck, known surgically as abdominoplasty, is a tummy tuckcosmetic surgical procedure performed in the abdominal area to remove abdominal fat, tighten loose muscles and remove sagging skin. Such loose muscles and sagging skin usually result from rapid weight loss and following pregnancy. One of the most frequent questions asked by many Australians considering this procedure is:

How much it costs to have a tummy tuck procedure in their area of residence?

Determinants of Tummy Tuck Costs In Sydney

  • The surgeon’s fee 

This is perhaps the most important determinant of how much it will cost you to have an abdominoplasty in Sydney. There are several abdominoplasty surgeons in Sydney and each has the prerogative to charge what he or she believes to appropriate for the services he or she offers. Many people erroneously believe that surgeons who charge the highest fees offer the best services.

This may not necessarily be true. You can find the best tummy tuck service affordably. With intensive research and consultation, you can actually obtain a successful procedure from a smart, knowledgeable and highly experienced tummy track surgeon in Sydney. Nevertheless, you should not choose affordability over quality. You may have to pay a little bit more in order to get high quality products and services.

  • Type/method of procedure 

There are three types of tummy tuck usually performed in plastic surgeons in Australia. These include mini tummy tuck, standard (traditional) tummy tuck and extended tummy tuck. The mini procedure involves very minimal invasion and recommended if you have small but stubborn abdominal fat and skin sag. It is therefore the cheapest and fastest to perform with quicker recovery periods.

Standard or traditional abdominoplasty is a little bit more invasive, costs a bit more and requires longer recovery times (2-4 weeks). It is suitable for healthy men and women with larger amounts of skin in their midsection. In case you have greater amount of loose, sagging skin on your abdomen and on your hips and on the sides of your lower back, then extended tummy tuck is the most appropriate procedure choice. The procedure is highly invasive and therefore very expensive with extended recovery periods which start with 1-2 days hospital stay.

  • Related costs 

Since abdominoplasty is an invasive surgical procedure, it must be performed in a hospital or any other recommended facility setting. You will have to pay for the services provided by the hospital or the medical facility (often including theatre and accommodation fees). The fees may vary widely depending on the particular facility or hospital and over time.

Other costs may include surgeon’s assistant fee (which if frequently included with the surgeons fees), anaesthetist’s fee as well as post-operative compression garments. There are ways to mitigate this cost which may run into hundreds or even thousands of dollars. You can discuss with your abdominoplasty surgeon to find ways of reducing the related costs.

  • Medical cover 

As previously mentioned, the tummy tuck cost is determined by either presence or absence of the insurance cover. In Australia, cosmetic surgical procedures are not covered under Medicare. However, in certain circumstances as specified by Medicare Item Number 30177 (or mini abdominoplasty 30174) some of the procedures in tummy tuck may be covered by your Private Health Insurance.

If you have health fund and/or Medicare then it is vital to consult and obtain approval before the due date for the surgical operation. Since your doctor is experienced and has the information on the provisions of Medicare, you need to consult with him or her before going for the procedure. Qualifying for insurance cover can tremendously reduce the amount of money you will need to pay for the procedure.

The Average Tummy Tuck Cost In Sydney

With all the above factors contributing, it is difficult to come up with an accurate cost of tummy tuck in Sydney. Nevertheless, most abdominoplasty surgeons charge between $6000 and $8000 out of pocket with Private Health Insurance cover.

Without insurance the cost including GST may be double or even triple. You need to carry out adequate consultations with the surgeon you wish to work with to know exactly how much you will have to pay to have the procedure performed.

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Emergency Dental Tips – Being Prepared


Accidents happen all the time in life – it’s the reason why health insurance exists. One of the most expensive heath emergencies that could happen to you or your family is a dental emergency.

When the unforeseeable happens, it’s important to have a bit of basic dental first aid knowledge in order to avoid losing a tooth or having extensive and irreparable damage to a tooth or your set of teeth.

Be prepared for the un-prepare-able – here are some tips that will come in handy for some common dental emergencies:

Situation/emergency > solution

  1. An object stuck in between teeth – try to gently remove with dental floss. Do not use sharp objects to remove it as this might cut your gums or scratch your tooth surface.
  2. A severe toothache – clean your mouth by rinsing with warm water, then floss gently to remove food residue caught between the teeth. It’s wrong to place aspirin tablets on the aching tooth or gum because it may burn the gum tissue. Visit a dentist immediately if the pain becomes un bearable.
  3. If you bite your tongue, lip, cheek or gum – gently clean the area with water and apply a cold press. Place a piece of gauze on the affected area to stop the bleeding. If the bleeding doesn’t stop, see your dentist immediately.
  4. A cracked, chipped or broken tooth – rinse your mouth immediately with warm water and put a cold press on your cheek to reduce swelling and relieve pain. If bleeding occurs, apply a piece of gauze to the area for about ten minutes or until the bleeding stops.
  5. A knocked-out permanent or adult tooth – keep it moist at all times. Hold the tooth by the crown and rinse off the root with water if it is dirty. Do not scrub the tooth. Try to put the tooth back in its socket without touching the root. Do not force it into the socket. If you are unable to do that, place it between your cheek and gums, in milk or a cup of water with a pinch of table salt or in a tooth preservation product, then visit your dentist immediately.
  6. An extruded or partially dislodged tooth – see your dentist immediately. On your way to the dentist, apply a cold press to the affected area or to your cheeks to relieve pain. If necessary, take a pain reliever.
  7. A lost filling – stick a piece of sugarless gum into the cavity or use an over-the-counter dental cement. See your dentist immediately.
  8. Broken braces or wires – when a wire breaks and pokes your cheek and causes discomfort, try using an eraser to push the wire into a more comfortable position. If you are unable to re-position it, cover the end with a small cotton ball or gauze until you can get to your orthodontist. Do not cut the wire as you can end up swallowing it.
  9. Abscess – this is an infection that occurs around the root of a tooth. To prevent the spread of infection, rinse your mouth with a salt water solution to relieve pain, then see a dentist immediately.

The last and most important piece of advice: make sure your dental insurance plan is up to date! This is extremely important, to ensure that you are not left with a catastrophic dental bill, as we’ve said before: you never know when its going to happen.